Iran insists it has the right to enrich uranium. The U.S., that refuses to acknowledge Israel isÂ currently operating outside of international law in actually developing and possessing nuclear weapons, asserts Iran does not have the right to enrich uranium. To demonstrate the inaccuracy of those who wish to prohibit an Iran nuclear-development programme based upon international law, one merely has to look at the provisions of the N.P.T.:
This passage is from the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty signed in 1968 and entered into force in 1970.
1. Each Non-nuclear-weapon State Party to the Treaty undertakes to accept safeguards, as
set forth in an agreement to be negotiated and concluded with the International Atomic Energy Agency in accordance with the Statute of the International Atomic Energy Agency and the Agency’s safeguards system, for the exclusive purpose of verification of the fulfilment of its obligations assumed under this Treaty with a view to preventing diversion of nuclear energy from peaceful uses to nuclear weapons or other nuclear explosive devices. Procedures for the safeguards required by this Article shall be followed with respect to source or special fissionable material whether it is being produced, processed or used in any principal nuclear facility or is outside any such facility. The safeguards required by this Article shall be applied on all source or special fissionable material in all peaceful nuclear activities within the territory of such State, under its jurisdiction, or carried out under its control anywhere.
Article III requires that fission, that is permitted, be monitored by the I.A.E.A., a U.N. agency set up in 1957 that isÂ based in Vienna, Austria. There is not even a hint of a prohibition of fissioning or splitting the nucleus of a uranium or plutonium atom. There is an explicit prohibition of using nuclear energy or research to develop a nuclear weapon. Unfortunately this prohibition does not apply to declared nuclear weapons states who are allowed these monstrous and immoral gadgets of war but only to non-nuclear weapons states.
Article IV is even more explicit in allowing nations such as Iran to enrich uranium that is necessary to even have a nuclear-research or energyÂ programme. You can’t run a nuclear power plant without fission; you can’t fission without fissionable materials such as U-235 or Pu-239 (Plutonium).
1. Nothing in this Treaty shall be interpreted as affecting the inalienable right of all the
Parties to the Treaty to develop research, production and use of nuclear energy for peaceful purposes without discrimination and in conformity with Articles I and II of this Treaty.
It would be impossible to engage in the above permissible actions without enriching uranium. Uranium is a very heavy metal that is contained underneath the surface of the earth. One has to mine it, dig it up like coal or gold or silver. It is for the most part U-238 that is very stable and difficult to fission: break apart its nucleus with an onrushing neutron. Only about .7%Â or less than 1% of naturally occurring uraniumÂ is U-235. By enriching uranium, one is cleaning out the U-235 from U-238; one is enriching uranium by increasing the percentage of the isotopes that are U-235, an isotope of Uranium that is used in making atomic bombs and in unleashing a nuclear explosion leading to fusion in a hydrogen bomb. Enrichment even at 2 to 4% is necessary to produce electric power. Why? Well enrichment creates U-235 at a high-enough level of probability that a neutron will find a target, another U-235 isotope that will be broken up, releasing more neutrons that then hunt and split the nucleus of another U-235 isotope and so it goes. The more you have, the more energy, heat, blast, radiation is created. Article IV would be meaningless if it did not include enrichment of uranium as a right for non-nuclear nation-states to pursue.
Note the United States and other terrorist, superpowers who terrorize and spy on the innocents of the earth, are required to disarm their nuclear weapons stockpiles. That is indeed a prohibition. Nuclear powers are required to denuclearise in the N.P.T. but they ignore that and then bully and sanction non-white nations that dare attempt to develop a nuclear research programme. You want proof the US is an outlaw state? Well, here is the proof of Article VI of the N.P.T. that even requires tangible steps toward total disarmament, not drones flown by cowardly states who kill and maim innocent civilians who cannot retaliate.
ARTICLE VI Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Each of the Parties to the Treaty undertakes to pursue negotiations in good faith on effective measures relating to cessation of the nuclear arms race at an early date and to nuclear disarmament, and on a treaty on general and complete disarmament under strict and effective international control.