It was unimaginable that Iran would adhere to a U.N. Security Council resolution giving it 30 days, or until August 31, to suspend uranium enrichment or face the prospect of sanctions under Chapter 7, Article 41, of the United Nations' charter. The U.S. has required such suspension of increasing the isotopic concentration of Uranium 235 as a precondition for negotiations. Iran will negotiate but not under preconditions that would require it to stop spinning its centrifuges, which could damage or break.
Ali Larijani is the chief negotiator for Iran with the European Union and knows that to adhere to U.S. conditions would effectively derail Iran's independent pursuit of nuclear fission. It would also be politically unacceptable to Iranians and perhaps even destabilise the government. Of course, we do not know if Iran is attempting to develop nuclear weapons or is merely pursuing the "option" as it declares its intent to create nuclear reactors for electricity and other non-weapon use.
Let's look at this from Iran's perspective. They are surrounded by American imperialist forces in Afghanistan to the east and Iraq to the west. They have seen Iraq, Lebanon and Afghanistan destroyed and pulverised by the U.S. or its murderous, lawless proxy, the State of Israel. They know that Israel is a major nuclear power and that it has threatened to bomb Iran, not with nuclear devices, on many occasions should the later pursue its nuclear ambitions. Iran also has geopolitical aspirations to be a major player in the region and the nuclear symbol of that power is part of the nuclear disease that has swept many nations into its vortex.
The spread of nuclear weapons is a grave circumstance and the likelihood of their use is unfortunately increasing and not decreasing. Yet the U.S. is utterly lacking the moral leadership that is commensurate with its military and political power. The U.S. hates Iran, hates its government, hates its religion, hates its refusal to buckle under "Axis of Evil" rhetoric and its support of the indomitable and courageous Hezbollah anticolonisation movement in Southern Lebanon.
The U.S. is a reckless, violent, vicious nation and it has no standing in the Middle East. So how do we get to an Iranian suspension or abdication of its nuclear ambitions? The U.S. should begin immediately long-term negotiations with Iran and Syria over the future of the region. Nuclear weapons are a symptom of the instability in the area. The great destabiliser, the U.S., simply cannot expect Iran to surrender its nuclear programme through threats and sanctions.
If I were an Iranian official, I would never unilaterally surrender a nuclear programme unless the U.S. would withdraw from both Iraq and Afghanistan. I would accept European civilian reactors and the enrichment of uranium in Russia in the context of an overall peace agreement between Israel and the Palestinians, the return of occupied land to Syria and the withdrawal of all foreign forces from the region.
Dimona is where Israel produces its nuclear weapons.
Also it should be noted that the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty, that Israel has not signed, does permit nuclear development and processes as long as they are not weapons-based programmes. Iran claims correctly it is allowed under the 1968 N.P.T. to pursue peaceful development of nuclear power.
1. Nothing in this Treaty shall be interpreted as affecting the inalienable right of all the Parties to the Treaty to develop research, production and use of nuclear energy for peaceful purposes without discrimination and in conformity with Articles I and II of this Treaty.
2. All the Parties to the Treaty undertake to facilitate, and have the right to participate in, the fullest possible exchange of equipment, materials and scientific and technological information for the peaceful uses of nuclear energy. Parties to the Treaty in a position to do so shall also co-operate in contributing alone or together with other States or international organizations to the further development of the applications of nuclear energy for peaceful purposes, especially in the territories of non-nuclear-weapon States Party to the Treaty, with due consideration for the needs of the developing areas of the world.